Retraction Watch

Tracking retractions as a window into the scientific process

Paper claiming GMO dangers retracted amid allegations of data manipulation

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FNS2015012717103119A nutrition journal is retracting a paper about potential dangers of eating food containing genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for duplicating a figure, as news stories from Italy are reporting accusations that the last author falsified some of his research.

In the paper, Federico Infascelli, an animal nutrition researcher at the University of Naples, and his colleagues showed modified genes could wind up in the blood and organs of baby goats whose mothers ate GM soybeans. According to our Google Translate version of an article by Italian newspaper La Repubblicaan investigation suggests that Infascelli has manipulated images to suggest GMOs are harmful. He could face fines and be suspended from the university.

La Repubblica reports that a committee appointed by the rector of the university, Gaetano Manfredi, found errors in Infascelli’s data that suggested he had manipulated the results to show GMOs were harmful.

One paper by Infascelli has been retracted from Food and Nutrition Science, Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Activity in Kids Born from Goats Fed Genetically Modified Soybean.” The retraction note says the paper was pulled for duplication:

The article has been retracted due to the investigation of complaints received against it. The data of figure 1(b) came from the previous published paper by Tudisco R, Mastellone V, Cutrignelli MI, Lombardi P, Bovera F, Mirabella N, Piccolo G, Calabrò S, Avallone , Infascelli F. Animal.“Fate of transgenic DNA and evaluation of metabolic effects in goats fed genetically modified soybean and in their offsprings”4(10):1662-71, 2010. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and we treat all unethical behavior such as plagiarism seriously.

The journal is not indexed in Thomson Scientific’s Web of Knowledge.

News reports from Italy mention that three papers are part of the investigation; we don’t know the names of the papers, but they were published in FNS, Animal, and Small Ruminant Research. There are PubPeer comments on Infascelli’s papers published in each of these journals suggesting image manipulation, including on the retracted paper and the paper referenced in its retraction note.

A retraction checklist preceding the PDF of the FNS paper connects it to the investigation, noting it was retracted by the “Editor with hints from” Italian Senator and stem cell researcher Elena Cattaneo. According to Il Foglio (again using Google Translate), Cattaneo started digging into Infascelli’s work following a debate in the senate on GMOs. She questioned Infascelli’s methods, and, using image analyzing software, found that some of the figures in his work had been manipulated.

According to La Repubblica, Infascelli will have time to respond to the accusations of manipulation before the university requests retractions of the other papers.

Hat tip: Commenter

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