He’s my editor, he’s my author, he’s my editor: A retraction reveals a tangled web

The June 2012 issue of Current Opinion in Critical Care has a retraction that might have been a rather mundane case of plagiarism but for the remarkably intertwined relationships of the authors of the publications involved.

Here’s the notice, which doesn’t attempt to broach the conflicts of interest (we can hardly blame them, as you’ll see):

The Journal retracts the article ‘Pulmonary/Renal Interaction’ by Ricci and Ronco [1]. Significant similarities were found between the [Zaccaria] Ricci and [Claudio] Ronco article and an article by Ko et al in Blood Purification[2]. The Journal recognises that Ricci and Ronco cited the Ko et al paper and notes the authors’ apologies for submitting the wrong version of their article.

The Ricci and Ronco paper has been cited nine times, according to Thomson Scientific’s Web of Knowledge, while the Ko et al has been cited 13.

We’re intrigued by the bit about submission of “the wrong version” of the manuscript. Wouldn’t that have been something that the authors might have picked up during the review/rewriting process? Oh, and did we mention the name of Blood Purification’s editor? That would be Claudio Ronco, author of the retracted paper in COCC, whose co-author, Ricci, sits on the journal’s editorial board. Ronco also is on the editorial board of, wait for it, COCC. and is listed as an associate editor of … Blood Purification.(Apologies to our readers for adding even more confusion to an already confused situation!)

For those keeping score at home: The editors of a journal invite two of their own editorial board members (one of whom edits a marginally competing journal) to write a review article which turns out to plagiarize from a paper in the editor’s own journal! Now, if anyone should know the rules of the game  here, it’s Ronco.

Hat tip: Clare Francis

0 thoughts on “He’s my editor, he’s my author, he’s my editor: A retraction reveals a tangled web”

    1. This is awful! Ronco, Tetta, and Ricci are serial duplicators! They must be working really hard to pad their publication lists… where is a cop when you need one?
      Waitaminnit… didn’t Ronco produce the Veg-a-matic?

    2. I did find one retraction for C Ronco:


      Contrib Nephrol. 2010;167:VI.
      Retraction. “Acute heart failure treatment: traditional and new drugs” by Gheorghiade M, Palazzuoli A, Ronco C. Contrib Nephrol,2010;165;112-128.
      [No authors listed]
      Retraction of * Gheorghiade M, Palazzuoli A, Ronco C. Contrib Nephrol. 2010;165:112-28.

      Explanation found here:


  1. I have seen this “oops-we-sent-the-wrong-version-of-the-manuscript” excuse quite a few times here in Brasil. Apparently many authors have a bad habit of writing fraudulent preliminary versions of their papers, and loosing the right ones after that…

  2. But it could be worse, where two editors of a journal jointly wrote two papers for their own journal, mostly plagiarized from other sources, like Wikipedia, but adding errors and subtracting citations.

    When complaints arrived to the publisher a year ago the editors quietly reworked the (on-line) papers by Feb 2012, with no retraction, no apology, no notification to the complainants. See Wiley Cover-Up @ Deep Climate.

    By that standard, Current Opinion in Critical Care did well.

  3. Wait, I’m confused (no surprise!)

    “Oh, and we mention the name of Blood Purification’s editor? That would be Claudio Ronco, author of the retracted paper in COCC, … Ronco also is on the editorial board of, wait for it, COCC and is listed as an associate editor of … Blood Purification.”

    So Ronco is the editor of Blood Purification AND the associate editor of Blood Purification? He reports to himself? I’ve reread this about four times. Am I reading it right?

  4. Errr…I think there is something amiss in the section on the various connections. Ronco is Editor of Blood Purification and on the Editorial Board of COCC. Ricci is on the Editorial Board of COCC and Associate Editor for Blood Purification. The part describing these relationships is a bit crooked and suggests Ronco is both Editor and Associate Editor for Blood Purification.

  5. You could not MAKE this stuff up–if you did someone would accuse you of writing an absurdist play. You do a great service my bringing this to public attention–and bring a little humor into our lives, too, with this one.

  6. Thank you, Fernando Pessoa, for those very amusing links! The initial view on the web site is not at all promising, but I’m so glad I gave it a chance and scrolled down. One laugh after another! Identical titles and abstracts in some instances, slight shuffling of words in other instances! It has long been known that nobody reads papers listed in a CV, just titles and journal names, but these guys are betting that nobody reads even the titles, which are way too similar to escape detection. We live in the age of merely counting publications as the measure of accomplishment. Thank you for introducing me to this web site.

    1. Brought to you by the US government, although journal editors believe it is subversive and refuse point blank to take a look:


      Please note:

      “This project is funded by the Hudson Foundation and the Health and Human Services Office of Research Integrity through the National Institutes of Health grant.”

      There are many ways to seach it. 3 ways I use.

      1. http://spore.vbi.vt.edu/dejavu/duplicate/

      Enter surname, plus or minus initial, or place.
      Better just first initial, you don’t want t narrow the saerch down too much.

      2. http://spore.vbi.vt.edu/dejavu/duplicate/search/

      3. http://spore.vbi.vt.edu/dejavu/statistics/journal/

      Table 2: The numbers of duplicates in different Journals

      ALL ( Show ) Press Show, a list appears, sometimes a bit slow.

      copy the Type/journal code e.g.


      go back to 2.

      Enter the type/journal code in the jouranl box, set the which box to both,
      then press the search button.

      A list will appear.


      Press the numbers in the ID column to generate a side-by-side comparsion.
      Don’t forget to scroll to the bottom of the page.
      The overlap is often more than the blue highlights.

      Sometimes the highly overlapping publications (they are all overlapping as that is how the computer finds them) are sanctioned, they can be mistakes, for example the wrong abstract was onserted, but often they are highly overlapping and do to fulfil the criteria for accetable secondary publication.


      See section: Acceptable Secondary Publication

      Some editors are against changing anything. They believe that it would be “rewriting history”.
      We had to do that to overturn the dogmas of the Ancients.

      I believe that with not that much work on the part of editors the sceintific record could be made much sharper.

  7. I noticed the overlap is often much greater than that which is shown by the blue highlighted words, but they certainly give you a place to start in looking for duplication. The few papers that I looked at were nearly word for word duplicates. If this program is government issue, it certainly came from a Democratic administration (you know, those “government is good” guys.)
    I still say it’s the same Ronco who produced the Veg-e-matic…

    1. Sorry to disappoint. I think it started in 2007 and must have been in the works for a few years before that.


      see on right sidebar near the bottom ,
      ” 2007-03-01
      Deja vu V1.0 Database released.”

      Editors argue until they are blue in the face that there are some minor differences. Abstracts are part of a publications, sometimes a big part, and it does state here:

      Acceptable Secondary Publication section

      “that the paper has been published in whole or in part”

      Point 5. The footnote on the title page of the secondary version informs readers, peers, and documenting agencies that the paper has been published in whole or in part and states the primary reference. A suitable footnote might read: “This article is based on a study first reported in the [title of journal, with full reference].”

      The fact that abstracts are meant to be all the major points seems to escape editors too. They play the game of finding that the toenail on the left small toe is different, or warn you that you are making accusations. By definition the pairs are overlapping becuase that is how they are found. The rest is for the journal editors to do.

      What I often find is that the editors protest too much. Guess what? They often have their own cache of highly overlapping publications.

  8. Love the Chinatown reference – assuming that’s what you were going for in the tagline. If you ever get a retraction of a longevity-related paper, I might suggest one of my favorite Roy Batty quotes.

  9. C Ronco has been copied from here:


    The original:

    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Mar;3(2):531-44. Epub 2008 Jan 30.
    Potential interventions in sepsis-related acute kidney injury.
    Ronco C, Kellum JA, Bellomo R, House AA.
    Department of Nephrology, St. Bortolo Hospital, International Renal Research Institute Vicenza, Vicenza, Italy.
    My question is how original are those below?

    The implications and management of septic acute kidney injury.
    Ricci Z, Polito A, Polito A, Ronco C.
    Nat Rev Nephrol. 2011 Apr;7(4):218-25. Epub 2011 Mar 1. Review.
    PMID: 21364519

    Rationale of extracorporeal removal of endotoxin in sepsis: theory, timing and technique.
    Ronco C, Piccinni P, Kellum J.
    Contrib Nephrol. 2010;167:25-34. Epub 2010 Jun 1. Review.
    PMID: 20519896

    Fluid management in septic acute kidney injury and cardiorenal syndromes.
    Bellomo R, Prowle JR, Echeverri JE, Ligabo V, Ronco C.
    Contrib Nephrol. 2010;165:206-18. Epub 2010 Apr 20.
    PMID: 20427971

    Pathogenesis of acute kidney injury during sepsis.
    Ricci Z, Ronco C.
    Curr Drug Targets. 2009 Dec;10(12):1179-83.
    PMID: 19715541

    Blood Purif. 2008;26(1):30-5. Epub 2008 Jan 10.
    Extracorporeal blood purification in sepsis and sepsis-related acute kidney injury.
    House AA, Ronco C.

    Curr Opin Crit Care. 2007 Dec;13(6):662-7.
    Extracorporal blood purification: more than diffusion and convection. Does this help?
    Ronco C, Tetta C.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.