Mario Saad can’t catch a break — yesterday, a Massachusetts judge dismissed his defamation suit against the American Diabetes Association, publisher of Diabetes, which published an expression of concern regarding four of his papers in March.
The researcher has tried — and failed — to use the courts to remove the EoC.
In Saad’s latest attempt to employ legal action against the journal — arguing the EoC was defamatory — the United States District court of Massachusetts was clear in its ruling (which you can view in its entirety here):
The Court has little trouble concluding that the ADA’s Expression of Concern is not actionable for defamation.
It explains further:
The Court finds that the Expression of Concern is a statement of the ADA’s opinion of Dr. Saad’s work, and is not actionable as defamation. It amounts only to a statement of the ADA’s evolving, subjective view or interpretation of its investigation into inaccuracies in certain images contained in the articles. Dr. Saad has not identified a single passage of the Expression of Concern that is false and defamatory. The statement does not accuse Dr. Saad of dishonesty or conclude that he engaged in misconduct. In an attempt to sustain this action, Dr. Saad asserts that whether the data in his articles is reliable is an objectively verifiable fact. However, the Expression of Concern does not state that his data is not reliable. It merely alerts readers to the fact that the ADA “remains concerned” about recent questions regarding the data’s reliability, and that the ADA is in the process of investigating further.
The court document described the ADA’s statement as “measured and professional in its tenor”:
This is the type of cautionary language that suggests a statement of opinion rather than a defamatory falsehood.
In all, Diabetes’s Expression of Concern was made in the context of “ongoing scientific discourse”, the document notes:
The dispute between Dr. Saad and the ADA over the reliability of the data in his articles is not fit for resolution in the form of a defamation lawsuit. Instead, this is a case where “the trial of ideas plays out in the pages of peer-reviewed journals, and the scientific public sits as the jury.”
J. Mark Dickison, who represented the ADA in this case, told us he believed it set an “excellent precedent”:
Personally, my view is the court’s decision in this case is a validation the first amendment right of journals to have the freedom to take action to ensure the reliability of their own publications.
Although Saad argued the Expression of Concern hurt his reputation in the scientific community, Dickison noted:
[The ADA’s] argument essentially was this wasn’t about Dr. Saad’s reputation. It was about ensuring the reliability of the publication, and notifying the scientific community of concerns that had been brought to our attention by readers.
The four papers in question have been cited more than 600 times, as we’ve reported.
This isn’t the only time researchers have tried to use the courts to influence journals’ decisions (see this piece in Nature for more information), and Dickison noted that this particular case may not yet be entirely over:
It’s premature for me to speculate about what [Saad and his legal team] might do, but they do have an appeal option.
This sentiment was validated in a statement from Steven J. Brooks, a lawyer representing Saad:
We of course are aware of Judge Hillman’s order and are disappointed by the decision. At present, we are exploring our options and what steps we will next take.
A representative of the ADA said it would not have a comment by deadline.
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