M. B. Théodore Munyuli is at the National Center for Research in Natural Sciences, CRSN-Lwiro, D.S. Bukavu, Kivu, and studies the distribution and diversity of bees. Here’s the notice from Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, for a paper on which Munyuli is the sole author:
The article titled “Climatic, Regional Land-Use Intensity, Landscape, and Local Variables Predicting Best the Occurrence and Distribution of Bee Community Diversity in Various Farmland Habitats in Uganda” , published in Psyche, has been retracted as it was found to include erroneous data. Its findings and conclusion cannot be relied on.
And here’s the notice for “Patterns of bee diversity in mosaic agricultural landscapes of central Uganda: implication of pollination services conservation for food security:”
This paper has been retracted from Journal of Insect Conservation. The decision is made jointly by the editor and Springer after an investigation following the comments of the named authors. The retraction is on the basis that some of the co-authors did not agree to the submission of the manuscript and were unaware that it had been submitted. It is the policy of the journal that all authors must agree to the submission of a manuscript in which they are named as an author.
In the Report “Wild Pollinators Enhance Fruit Set of Crops Regardless of Honey Bee Abundance,” it is possible that some pollinator species were misidentified in lowland coffee, Uganda, one of the 41 studies included in the synthesis. This potential misidentification does not invalidate the analyses, conclusions, or the wider implications of the study. The results are not sensitive to which of the 41 studies are included, because the authors performed several analyses with different subsets of studies, and they all showed similar results. Furthermore, the mixed-effect models allow for individual variation in trends for each study. The results of these analyses depend on the consistency of patterns across all of the 41 studies sampled in 600 fields, and are not influenced to any large extent by a particular pattern occurring in just one study. The main analysis compared the flower visitation rate of honey bees versus all wild insect species combined. This analysis should be largely insensitive to identification concerns because honey bees were readily separable from other species in all studies. Indeed, the analyses performed in the synthesis do not make use of the species names of the wild insects (see database S1).
The Science paper has been cited 49 times, according to Thomson Scientific’s Web of Knowledge.
Munyuli told us by email that the retractions and correction were due to “injustice, segregation, and colonialism:”
It is mainly jealousy of some scientists . some people wanted me to send the manuscripts to them before publishing. I refused since I am the one who did the field and I am a professional scientist. I did not need input of anybody. Some people believe African based scientists can not publish in high impact factor journals. we must lift them. that is a wrong attitude. Other wants to be the main author of your work. I am the one who did the wok. Others scientists do not want to see young scientists to emerge. There is some kind of colonialism in this research funded in Africa. some other people asked me raw data and I refused to give. My donors wanted to publish my PhD data before me. Yet I spent 4 years in the field collecting the data, now they wanted it and I refused because there was no way I could allow my raw getting published before I graduate. Other wanted a copy of my bee collection and I refused to give because they want to publish and pretend it is their data. All these people are friends to editors. They are white and they can easily raise their voices and me who is black, they think we are just animals we can not do scientific works. despite my explanation, no body could listen to me. Yet, my data is a true data. their accusations are completely wrong. Even GOD know, the data from the two papers is true data but because I am a black African, I am supposed to know nothing and have no reason at all. Remind me I will send their reports to you. I am travelling in a bus now from Zambia but when home I will send these reports to you and you see how injustice, segregation and colonialism is still on in minds of some white Europeans. It is a disaster and discouraging to work in such conditions.
We asked Munyuli for the reports several days ago, and will update with anything we learn.