Retraction Watch

Tracking retractions as a window into the scientific process

Melendez notches retraction 14, Lemus now stands at 12

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int j biochem mol bioTwo researchers who have appeared frequently on Retraction Watch have racked up another retraction each.

This is the fourteenth retraction for Alirio Melendez, who was found guilty of misconduct by the National University of Singapore but denies the allegations. Here’s the notice in The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology for “Environmental toxicogenomics: A post-genomic approach to analysing biological responses to environmental toxins,” a paper published in Environmental Research and cited nine times, according to Thomson Scientific’s Web of Knowledge:

This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy).

This article has been retracted at the request of the Author.

This article contained sentences copied from previously published reviews, without their appropriate citations.

These reviews were:

DNA Microarray Technology for target identification and validation, by Manikandan Jayapal and Alirio J. Melendez, published in Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology Volume 33 Issue 5–6, May/June 2006, pages 496–503; http://dx.doiorg/10.1111/j.1440-1681.2006.04398.x.

Toxicogenomics and systems toxicology: aims and prospects, by Michael D. Waters & Jennifer M. Fostel, published in Nature Reviews Genetics, Volume 5 Issue 12, 936–948 (December 2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg1493.

Jesus Angel Lemus’s retraction is his twelfth. (Our previous count was off by one, as we didn’t count a PLOS ONE retraction we initially missed.) Lemus appears to have made up a co-author, and perhaps data, too.

Here’s the notice for “Microbial pollution in wildlife: Linking agricultural manuring and bacterial antibiotic resistance in red-billed choughs, a paper cited 24 times:

This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy).

This article has been retracted at the request of the Author.

Upon the advice of the Ethics Committee of the Spanish Superior Council of Scientific Research (CSIC) who investigated potential scientific misconduct by Dr. Jesús A. Lemus, one of the authors of this article, the co-author has requested the article to be retracted. The co-author cannot guarantee the validity of the laboratory analyses, supposedly conducted by Dr. Lemus. Concerns have also been raised about the existence of co-author Javier Grande.

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